Public Sector Reforms and the Problem of Legitimacy: The Case of Ghana’s Civil Service
Start of the project: 2012
||4.4.13b (Zapf Gebäude - Haus 4)
Zapf Building Nr. 4 - Nürnberger Str. 38 - 95448 Bayreuth
Ghana has implemented several public sector reform programmes to improve performance and service delivery in public organizations. However, a vibrant public service remains illusive. Studies on reforms focus mainly on policy formulation constraints. Therefore the roles and interests of public service actors have not been properly explored. This research presents a more eccentric explanation of the implementation debate by focusing on the perspective of actors and structures in the reform processes taking into account the complexity of the institutional environment in the implementation process. Given that performance and efficiency are defined by institutional actors based on institutional factors which, at the same time, determine the interests pursued by organizations, the study seeks to understand reform objectives that are achievable in specific institutional conditions. The Study employs the neo-institutional and actor-centered perspectives to construct an analytical framework for understanding the interests and interfaces of various actors in the implementation of reforms in the civil service of Ghana. A mixed-bag of data methods including content analysis of institutional policy documents, in-depth and key-informant interviews, and focus group discussions is employed to provide the appropriate data for analyzing the relationship between the interplay of interests of different actors and reform objectives. This study contributes to the theoretical debate on development cooperation and institutional reforms in developing countries.