Conflict regulation and post-conflict processes in Ghana and Uganda
Duration: 01.02.2009 - 01.01.2012
Funding: German Research Foundation (DFG): 1.2.2009 – 1.1.2012
The project is geared to a study of local processes of conflict regulation and their socio-political consequences, in particular conflict mediation and peacebuilding in the context of "decentral" armed group conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa. We will examine how it is possible for opposing parties to become reconciled or to come closer to each other following small armed conflicts (on a local or provincial scale); we will try to identify the actors, institutions and factors that play a significant role in this process, and we will make a study of the new situation that results. From a methodological point of view, our research will be based on historical reconstruction and a comparison of local de-escalation and post-conflict processes in Uganda and Ghana. Our work will be an empirical contribution to research on the development of new forms of conflict regulation and the control of violence (which are probably not identical with the model of the 'Weberian' state), and the changes this involves in forms of regulation of social action, governance, cooperation and legitimacy. Our interest will be focused in particular on the development of new socio-political arrangements, through a study of everyday "local" practices of conflict management. Important actors in these areas are state agencies, traditionally legitimated authorities, civil society actors such as NGOs, and internationally active organizations; it is their complex interaction that constitutes the new socio-political arrangements on the local level. With this special focus, the project considers social processes on the social micro and meso levels in connection with the genesis of forms of "cosmopolitan governance".