Societies as project? Intentional communities and protest in South Africa and Brazil from a comparative perspective
Laufzeit: Oktober 2016 - Oktober 2018
Societies as project - Intentional communities and protest in South Africa and Brazil from a comparative perspective
Following the onset of the global financial and economic crises since 2008 there is a major increase of protests worldwide. The number of protests arose from 59 protests per year in 2006 to 112 protest in 2013. The main grievances and causes of protest are global economic processes which are related to local economic injustice, cuts of public services, rising food or energy prices or exploitations by international companies or land grabbing. Especially, the occupations and protests of the movement Occupy in more than 900 cities worldwide (in 2011) such as in the USA, Israel, Great Britain, South Africa, Nigeria and Brazil showed that local protests are related to global economic challenges. At the same time occupations became a laboratory for discussing and experimenting with alternative lifestyles and forms of living. You may find the latter also beyond protests in the frame of intentional (or utopian) communities. Within these communities people experiment with economic sustainable practices and new forms of living in order to create within these communities an “island” for social equality and beside ecological and economic justice. Both responses to economic challenges, protest occupations and intentional communities show different, partly ambivalent and/or similar reactions to recent economic challenges and multiple narratives of the future at the same time. The research will explore these responses to the global economic crises and varying visions of the future by elaborating protest und utopianism, their context related particularities, similarities and ambivalences in South Africa and Brazil.